Authorization Vs Authentication

A company's IAM solution separates authentication and authorization. Users are verified. Authorised users can use system resources

Authentication requires users to give credentials like passwords or fingerprint scans.Access to a resource or network is determined by user permissions

File system permissions control file creation, reading, changing, and deletion

Identity-based attacks are increasing user account hacks and access permissions. This accounts for 30% of cyberattacks, per IBM X-Force Threat Intelligence Index

A user-only password, PIN, or security question.Possession factors: OTPs issued by SMS or physical security tokens held by the user

SAML and OIDC are prevalent authentication protocols. SAMl employs XML messages to communicate authentication information, while OIDC uses “ID tokens” JSON Web Tokens (JWTs)

Administrators and security leaders set user permissions, which the authorization system enforces. Accessing a resource or taking an action requires the authorization system to verify user permissions

Hijack user accounts and cause mayhem when organisational security improves. In 2022–2023, identity-based attacks rose 71%, according to IBM X-Force